Up your fruit intake to lower your chance of depression

Up your fruit intake Depression is a significant public health issue on a global scale. As per the World Health Organization, it is the primary cause of the non-fatal disease burden, accounting for over 80% of the burden in low- and middle-income nations.

An increasing amount of research indicates that eating habits, particularly consuming more fruits and vegetables, may have a role in lowering the risk of depression.

Up your fruit intake to lower your chance of depression

Up your fruit intake The Journal of Affective Disorders published a new study led by Postdoctoral Fellow Annabel Mattison from UNSW Sydney’s Centre for Healthy Brain Ageing (Cheban) that addresses the paucity of research evidence for older adults or those living in low- to middle-income nations for the first time.

“Compared with depression in younger adults, depression in older adults has a greater impact on physical performance and cognition and is associated with lower quality of life and higher death rate,” states Mattison.

“Our aim with this study was to examine the associations between fruit and vegetable intake and depression in adults 45 years and older.”

Up your fruit intake to lower your chance of depression

Up your fruit intake The study included participants from the United States, Sweden, Brazil, Nigeria, Malaysia, and Australia, among other regions on six continents. All groups were a part of the COSMIC, an international consortium directed by Cheban, which collected and harmonized data from ten longitudinal investigations.

Over a nine-year period, the researchers evaluated 7,801 community-based adults who were free of depression. They found a positive correlation between increased fruit consumption and a decreased risk of depression.

Up your fruit intake “This interesting finding of a protective association between fruit intake and risk of depression demonstrates a need to give a greater emphasis to diet in health care,” states Mattison.

The study’s findings indicated a possible advantage of eating more veggies, but they were not statistically significant.

“The reason we found a beneficial relationship for fruit, but not vegetable intake, may be that vegetables are typically consumed cooked, which may impact their nutrient content, whereas fruit is generally consumed raw.”

Up your fruit intake to lower your chance of depression

Up your fruit intake The consumption of fruits and vegetables was self-reported using a diet history, a brief food questionnaire, or a thorough food frequency questionnaire. Validated measures were utilized to evaluate depressive symptoms, and validated cut-offs were applied to identify depression. Using the Cox regression approach, relationships between baseline intakes of fruits and vegetables and incident depression were investigated throughout a three-to nine-year follow-up period.

It has been proposed that the abundance of vitamins, dietary fiber, and antioxidants found in fruits and vegetables may help prevent depression through a variety of pathways, including their effects on the gut microbiota, oxidative stress, and inflammation. Given that fruits and vegetables differ in terms of the nutrients they contain, it stands to reason that the effects of various fruit and vegetable varieties on depression risk may also differ. Particularly compelling evidence links eating green leafy vegetables and citrus fruits to a lower incidence of depression.

Up your fruit intake to lower your chance of depression

Up your fruit intake Professor Henry Broadly, co-director of Cheban and co-author of the study, stated that more research is unquestionably needed, especially in low- and middle-income nations, on the consumption of various fruits and vegetables using standardized measures and a larger sample size of older adults.

“The extension of current research being conducted into the genes associated with dietary intake provides a promising avenue to influence the intakes of fruit and vegetables,” Professor Broadly states.

Up your fruit intake “We should also consider the types of fruit and vegetables consumed to better understand the relationships involved and studies should be designed to provide more comparability across cohorts,” according to him.

Article Source medicalxpress

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